ICDS was launched on October 2, 1975 with only 1 urban (Khidirpur of Kolkata) and 1 rural (Manbazar of Purulia) project in West Bengal.
At present, in West Bengal 576 projects (423 – rural, 75 – urban, 78 – tribal projects) are operational.
It is a centrally sponsored scheme run by the State Govt. / UT through AWCs.
Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme, a centrally sponsored one, constitutes one of the principal planks in the Nation’s Strategy to provide to children from the deprived sections of the society, the basic services for a better start in life. The Scheme provides services in an integrated manner to children below the age of 6 years. Restricting the coverage to children less than 6 years is based on the consideration that the pre-school age can be considered as a definite phase in the development of the child. Since the mother has a key role in the physical, psychological and social development of the child, nursing and expectant mothers and other women of 14-45 years are brought under this scheme which aims at the welfare of the child.